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İngilizce Fiiller Halleri – Irregular Verbs Listesi

İngilizce fiiller ikinci halleri ve üçüncü halleri sık sık kullanılırlar. Bu makalemizde sizler için İngilizce fiiller 2. ve 3. halleri (irregular verbs) listesini derledik.

İngilizcede fiiller geçmiş zaman kalıplarında kullanılırken yazılış ve okunuşları değişir. İngilizce kelimeler ikinci halleri ve üçüncü halleri geçmiş cümle kalıplarında meydana gelir. Bu kelimelere irregular verbs yani düzensiz fiiller deriz.

Düzensiz Fiiller (Irregular Verbs) Nelerdir?

İngilizce’de fiiller, düzenli fiiller (regular verbs) ve düzensiz fiiller (irregular verbs) olmak üzere ikiye ayrılır. Fiilleri, kullandığımız zamanlara göre çekimlemek gerekir.

Düzenli fiiller, belli kurallara göre belli takılar alırken; düzensiz fiiller herhangi bir kurala uymazlar. Bu sebeple ezberlenmeleri gerekmektedir. Düzensiz fiillerin 2. halleri simple past tense (geçmiş zaman) ile birlikte, 3. halleri ise perfect tenselerle birlikte kullanılır.

İngilizce’de kaç tane düzensiz fiil var?

İnternette yabancı bir site, 2.000’den fazla roman ve kaynağın kapsamlı bir metin analizini gerçekleştirmiştir ve bugüne kadar nadir kullanılan, daha önce yayınlanmış ve eski biçimler (colorbreed, cethink) içeren 680 düzensiz fiil bulmuş.

Bizlerde bu kaynağı derledik ve sitemize ekledik. Umarız İngilizce düzensiz fiiller (irregular verbs) listesi işinize yarayacaktır.

InfinitiveSimple PastPast Participle
A
arisearosearisen
awakeawakened / awokeawakened / awoken
B
backslidebackslidbackslidden / backslid
bewas, werebeen
bearboreborn / borne
beatbeatbeaten / beat
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
betbet / betted [?]bet / betted [?]
bid (farewell)bid / badebidden
bid (offer amount)bidbid
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcast / broadcastedbroadcast / broadcasted
browbeatbrowbeatbrowbeaten / browbeat
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburned / burnt [?]burned / burnt [?]
burstburstburst
bustbusted / bustbusted / bust
buyboughtbought
C
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
clingclungclung
clotheclothed / clad [?]clothed / clad [?]
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
crossbreedcrossbredcrossbred
cutcutcut
D
daydreamdaydreamed / daydreamt [?]daydreamed / daydreamt [?]
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
disprovedisproveddisproved / disproven
dive (jump head-first)dove / diveddived
dive (scuba diving)dived / dovedived
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamed / dreamt [?]dreamed / dreamt [?]
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
dwelldwelt / dwelled [?]dwelt / dwelled [?]
E
eatateeaten
F
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fit (tailor, change size)fitted / fit [?]fitted / fit [?]
fit (be right size)fit / fitted [?]fit / fitted [?]
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
forecastforecastforecast
forego (also forgo)forewentforegone
foreseeforesawforeseen
foretellforetoldforetold
forgetforgotforgotten / forgot [?]
forgiveforgaveforgiven
forsakeforsookforsaken
freezefrozefrozen
frostbitefrostbitfrostbitten
G
getgotgotten / got [?]
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
H
hand-feedhand-fedhand-fed
handwritehandwrotehandwritten
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hewhewedhewn / hewed
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
I
inbreedinbredinbred
inlayinlaidinlaid
inputinput / inputtedinput / inputted
interbreedinterbredinterbred
interweaveinterwove / interweavedinterwoven / interweaved
interwindinterwoundinterwound
J
jerry-buildjerry-builtjerry-built
K
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt / kneeledknelt / kneeled
knitknitted / knitknitted / knit
knowknewknown
L
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleaned / leant [?]leaned / leant [?]
leapleaped / leapt [?]leaped / leapt [?]
learnlearned / learnt [?]learned / learnt [?]
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
lie (not tell truth) REGULARliedlied
lightlit / lightedlit / lighted
lip-readlip-readlip-read
loselostlost
M
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
miscastmiscastmiscast
misdealmisdealtmisdealt
misdomisdidmisdone
mishearmisheardmisheard
mislaymislaidmislaid
misleadmisledmisled
mislearnmislearned / mislearnt [?]mislearned / mislearnt [?]
misreadmisreadmisread
missetmissetmisset
misspeakmisspokemisspoken
misspellmisspelled / misspelt [?]misspelled / misspelt [?]
misspendmisspentmisspent
mistakemistookmistaken
misteachmistaughtmistaught
misunderstandmisunderstoodmisunderstood
miswritemiswrotemiswritten
mowmowedmowed / mown
N
No irregular verbs beginning with “N.”
O
offsetoffsetoffset
outbidoutbidoutbid
outbreedoutbredoutbred
outdooutdidoutdone
outdrawoutdrewoutdrawn
outdrinkoutdrankoutdrunk
outdriveoutdroveoutdriven
outfightoutfoughtoutfought
outflyoutflewoutflown
outgrowoutgrewoutgrown
outleapoutleaped / outleapt [?]outleaped / outleapt [?]
outlie (not tell truth) REGULARoutliedoutlied
outrideoutrodeoutridden
outrunoutranoutrun
outselloutsoldoutsold
outshineoutshined / outshone [?]outshined / outshone [?]
outshootoutshotoutshot
outsingoutsangoutsung
outsitoutsatoutsat
outsleepoutsleptoutslept
outsmelloutsmelled / outsmelt [?]outsmelled / outsmelt [?]
outspeakoutspokeoutspoken
outspeedoutspedoutsped
outspendoutspentoutspent
outswearoutsworeoutsworn
outswimoutswamoutswum
outthinkoutthoughtoutthought
outthrowoutthrewoutthrown
outwriteoutwroteoutwritten
overbidoverbidoverbid
overbreedoverbredoverbred
overbuildoverbuiltoverbuilt
overbuyoverboughtoverbought
overcomeovercameovercome
overdooverdidoverdone
overdrawoverdrewoverdrawn
overdrinkoverdrankoverdrunk
overeatoverateovereaten
overfeedoverfedoverfed
overhangoverhungoverhung
overhearoverheardoverheard
overlayoverlaidoverlaid
overpayoverpaidoverpaid
overrideoverrodeoverridden
overrunoverranoverrun
overseeoversawoverseen
overselloversoldoversold
oversewoversewedoversewn / oversewed
overshootovershotovershot
oversleepoversleptoverslept
overspeakoverspokeoverspoken
overspendoverspentoverspent
overspilloverspilled / overspilt [?]overspilled / overspilt [?]
overtakeovertookovertaken
overthinkoverthoughtoverthought
overthrowoverthrewoverthrown
overwindoverwoundoverwound
overwriteoverwroteoverwritten
P
partakepartookpartaken
paypaidpaid
pleadpleaded / pledpleaded / pled
prebuildprebuiltprebuilt
predopredidpredone
premakepremadepremade
prepayprepaidprepaid
presellpresoldpresold
presetpresetpreset
preshrinkpreshrankpreshrunk
proofreadproofreadproofread
proveprovedproven / proved
putputput
Q
quick-freezequick-frozequick-frozen
quitquit / quitted [?]quit / quitted [?]
R
readread (sounds like “red”)read (sounds like “red”)
reawakereawokereawaken
rebidrebidrebid
rebindreboundrebound
rebroadcastrebroadcast / rebroadcastedrebroadcast / rebroadcasted
rebuildrebuiltrebuilt
recastrecastrecast
recutrecutrecut
redealredealtredealt
redoredidredone
redrawredrewredrawn
refit (replace parts)refit / refitted [?]refit / refitted [?]
refit (retailor)refitted / refit [?]refitted / refit [?]
regrindregroundreground
regrowregrewregrown
rehangrehungrehung
rehearreheardreheard
reknitreknitted / reknitreknitted / reknit
relay (for example tiles)relaidrelaid
relay (pass along) REGULARrelayedrelayed
relearnrelearned / relearnt [?]relearned / relearnt [?]
relightrelit / relightedrelit / relighted
remakeremaderemade
repayrepaidrepaid
rereadrereadreread
rerunreranrerun
resellresoldresold
resendresentresent
resetresetreset
resewresewedresewn / resewed
retakeretookretaken
reteachretaughtretaught
retearretoreretorn
retellretoldretold
rethinkrethoughtrethought
retreadretreadretread
retrofitretrofitted / retrofit [?]retrofitted / retrofit [?]
rewakerewoke / rewakedrewaken / rewaked
rewearreworereworn
reweaverewove / reweavedrewoven / reweaved
rewedrewed / reweddedrewed / rewedded
rewetrewet / rewetted [?]rewet / rewetted [?]
rewinrewonrewon
rewindrewoundrewound
rewriterewroterewritten
ridridrid
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
roughcastroughcastroughcast
runranrun
S
sand-castsand-castsand-cast
sawsawedsawed / sawn
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewn / sewed
shakeshookshaken
shaveshavedshaved / shaven
shearshearedsheared / shorn
shedshedshed
shineshined / shone [?]shined / shone [?]
shitshit / shat / shittedshit/ shat / shitted
shootshotshot
showshowedshown / showed
shrinkshrank / shrunkshrunk
shutshutshut
sight-readsight-readsight-read
singsangsung
sinksank / sunksunk
sitsatsat
slay (kill)slew / slayedslain / slayed
slay (amuse) REGULARslayedslayed
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
slingslungslung
slinkslinked / slunkslinked / slunk
slitslitslit
smellsmelled / smelt [?]smelled / smelt [?]
sneaksneaked / snucksneaked / snuck
sowsowedsown / sowed
speakspokespoken
speedsped / speededsped / speeded
spellspelled / spelt [?]spelled / spelt [?]
spendspentspent
spillspilled / spilt [?]spilled / spilt [?]
spinspunspun
spitspit / spatspit / spat
splitsplitsplit
spoilspoiled / spoilt [?]spoiled / spoilt [?]
spoon-feedspoon-fedspoon-fed
spreadspreadspread
springsprang / sprungsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstungstung
stinkstunk / stankstunk
strewstrewedstrewn / strewed
stridestrodestridden
strike (delete)struckstricken
strike (hit)struckstruck / stricken
stringstrungstrung
strivestrove / strivedstriven / strived
subletsubletsublet
sunburnsunburned / sunburnt [?]sunburned / sunburnt [?]
swearsworesworn
sweatsweat / sweatedsweat / sweated
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen / swelled
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
T
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telecasttelecasttelecast
telltoldtold
test-drivetest-drovetest-driven
test-flytest-flewtest-flown
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrustthrust
treadtrodtrodden / trod
typecasttypecasttypecast
typesettypesettypeset
typewritetypewrotetypewritten
U
unbendunbentunbent
unbindunboundunbound
unclotheunclothed / unclad [?]unclothed / unclad [?]
underbidunderbidunderbid
undercutundercutundercut
underfeedunderfedunderfed
undergounderwentundergone
underlieunderlayunderlain
undersellundersoldundersold
underspendunderspentunderspent
understandunderstoodunderstood
undertakeundertookundertaken
underwriteunderwroteunderwritten
undoundidundone
unfreezeunfrozeunfrozen
unhangunhungunhung
unhideunhidunhidden
unknitunknitted / unknitunknitted / unknit
unlearnunlearned / unlearnt [?]unlearned / unlearnt [?]
unsewunsewedunsewn / unsewed
unslingunslungunslung
unspinunspununspun
unstickunstuckunstuck
unstringunstrungunstrung
unweaveunwove / unweavedunwoven / unweaved
unwindunwoundunwound
upholdupheldupheld
upsetupsetupset
W
wakewoke / wakedwoken / waked
waylaywaylaidwaylaid
wearworeworn
weavewove / weavedwoven / weaved
wedwed / weddedwed / wedded
weepweptwept
wetwet / wetted [?]wet / wetted [?]
whet  REGULARwhettedwhetted
winwonwon
windwoundwound
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
withholdwithheldwithheld
withstandwithstoodwithstood
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten

Sizler için derlediğimiz İngilizce filler 2. ve 3. halleri makalemizin sonuna geldik. Listede eksik gördüğünüz bir kelime varsa aşağıdaki yorum alanından bizlerle paylaşabilirsiniz.

Bu makaleye de bir bakın: En Çok Kullanılan İngilizce Kelimeler

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